27 October 2016
Mauritania: Acceptance of anti-slavery case by African child rights body is a ‘ray of hope'Press ReleasePhoto: Michael Hylton
The hearing today by the African Committee of Experts on the Rights
and Welfare of the Child (ACERWC)
, of the case of two brothers who
were held in slavery in Mauritania, is a ray of hope for the
anti-slavery movement, say Minority Rights Group International (MRG) and
‘Unlike the previous proceedings before the Mauritanian courts, the case before the ACERWC has progressed very quickly. It has been declared admissible just 9 months after it was opened, with the hearing on the merits to take place today,’ says Ruth Barry, MRG’s Legal Officer. ‘We can now hope that these two boys will finally receive the justice they deserve, following a complete failure of the justice system in Mauritania to protect them and to challenge the current system of impunity favouring slave owners.’
In Mauritania slave status is passed down from mother to child, and the brothers, Said Ould Salem (born 2000) and Yarg Ould Salem (born 2003), automatically became slaves to the El Hassine family at birth.
The boys managed to escape in April 2011, and in November, their master, Ahmed Ould El Hassine, was found guilty in the Criminal Court of Nouakchott of holding the brothers in slavery, and depriving them of schooling. In the first and only successful prosecution under Mauritania’s 2007 anti-slavery legislation, he was sentenced to two years’ imprisonment and ordered to pay compensation of MRO 1.35 million (USD 4,700). However, the sentence and the amount of damages awarded were far below the tariff of five to ten years’ imprisonment provided for in the 2007 anti-slavery law.
The State Prosecutor did not appeal the lenient sentence immediately, but lodged an appeal only after the lawyer representing the brothers intervened. On 26 March 2012, Ahmed Ould El Hassine was released on bail by the Criminal Chamber of the Supreme Court for the sum of MRO 200,000 (USD 680). His release ignored the potential risks the boys could face, and was in breach of the requirements of the Code of Criminal Procedure.
Acting on behalf of the Salem brothers, MRG
and SOS Esclaves
took the case before the ACERWC, a body of the African Union whose role is to urge States to comply with their obligations under the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child
. The case was lodged before the ACERWC in December 2015, and a decision declaring the case admissible was reached in September 2016. So far, the Mauritanian government has not responded.
The rights organisations assert that Mauritania is in breach of the Charter through its ongoing failure to ensure the effective prosecution of all those responsible for holding Said and Yarg in slavery, preventing their schooling, and using corporal punishment against them.
Slavery based on descent remains widespread in Mauritania
, where it predominantly affects the Haratine group. They are treated as the property of their masters, living under their direct control and receiving no payment for their work. Men primarily herd cattle or work on their masters’ farmland, while women are mostly engaged in domestic work, carrying and nursing the masters’ children and shepherding animals.
Despite the country’s legal and institutional framework to protect against slavery and punish slavery-practices, in particular in the adoption of the 2007 Slavery Act and the 2015 Act which replaces the 2007 law, there has been a lack of political or judicial will to enforce the law.
Sarah Mathewson, Africa Programme Manager at Anti-Slavery International, which helped bring the original case into the Mauritanian courts in 2011 and is supporting the current case, said: ‘We hope this case will mark a turning point in the boys’ quest for justice at long last. It is shameful that the convicted slave owner essentially ended up being freed shortly after his trial, and the boys he enslaved still haven’t received the compensation ordered by the judge.’
‘In a country so seriously affected by slavery, it is revealing that the only prison sentence handed down for the crime until this year was never properly served, and has had to be brought to a regional body to challenge the authorities’ inaction. It confirms that the Mauritanian government has no interest in eradicating this practice and instead chooses to protect slave-owning families. We hope this case will step up the pressure on the government to acknowledge the reality of slavery and systematically prosecute the perpetrators.’UPDATE (21 November 2016):
After five years of delay in organising the appeal of the case in domestic courts, the appeal took place on 17 November. The verdict is expected to be passed in the next few days.
Notes to the Editors:
- Minority Rights Group International is the leading international human rights organization working to secure the rights of ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities and indigenous peoples. We work with more than 150 partners in over 50 countries.
- Anti-Slavery International works to eliminate all forms of slavery and slavery like practices throughout the world. Founded in 1839 by British abolitionists, it is the world’s oldest international human rights organisation.
Jakub Sobik, Communications Manager, Anti-Slavery International
T: (+44) (0) 207 501 8934
Ruth Barry, MRG Legal Officer
T: (+44) (0) 7581 342497
Kowri Sneiba, Communications Officer, SOS-Esclaves
T: (+222) (0) 46 790 790
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