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child labour reports

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Small Grants, Big Change. Influencing policy and practice for child domestic workers
This report examines Anti-Slavery International’s project aimed at improving lives of child domestic workers by the realisation of a small grant scheme (SGS). This fresh approach for Anti-Slavery International and its partners in Costa Rica, India, Peru, Philippines, Tanzania and Togo has seen 52 fledgling local groups many led by child domestic workers themselves – provided with funds to support child domestic workers and influence policies and practices towards them across 9 countries. Closely monitored and mentored by project partners since 2009, these local groups have directly assisted thousands of child domestic workers and have changed the attitudes of local and national duty bearers to improve the lives of many more. 
Anti-Slavery International 2013
Download the PDF file: Small Grants Big Change report (2470.26KB)

Out of the Shadows: Child marriage and slavery
This report reviews the literature available on child marriage to show that a potentially high proportion of children in marriage are in slavery.  Despite a good deal of publicity around child marriage its links with slavery have received very little attention to date.  As not all child marriage (involving under 18 year-olds) is slavery, the report outlines the relevant international slavery framework to help clarify when child marriage could amount to slavery.  It also notes gaps at the international level for addressing child marriage as a slavery issue, and at the national level in terms of tackling it in law and practice.  It also deals with the complexity of root causes.   
Catherine Turner
Anti-Slavery International 2013
Download the PDF file: Child Marriage report (774.12KB)
Report summary: Child marriage summary (68.86KB)

Home Truths: wellbeing and vulnerabilities of child domestic workers
Based on interviews with around 3,000 children the report is a study into the psychosocial wellbeing of child domestic workers across six countries in three continents (Peru, Costa Rica, Togo, Tanzania, India and Philippines). This report makes an important contribution to our understanding of child domestic work and provides important indicators for the circumstances that affect these child workers as well as the aspects of their lives that contribute to their wellbeing in a positive way.
Download PDF: Home Truths report (6754.06KB)
Spanish version: Home Truth spanish (1824.99KB)

Time for Change: A call for urgent action to end the forced child begging of talibés in Senegal
Available in both English and French, this short report examines the practice in daaras (Koranic schools) of sending boys as young as five years old out to beg for several hours a day. Often living far from home and in squalid conditions, talibés are frequently subjected to abuse if they fail to meet their begging quotas. The report updates the information used in Begging for Change (Anti-Slavery International, 2009) and recommends action to bring an end to this situation in Senegal. 
Anti-Slavery International 2011
Download report in English: Talibe report english (1771.15KB)
Download report inFrench: Talibe Report French (1656.64KB) 

Ending Child Trafficking in West Africa: Lessons from the Ivorian cocoa sector
This report finds that trafficking of children to cocoa farms in Côte d’Ivoire still occurs. The research found significant numbers of young people in Mali and Burkina Faso who had worked as children in cocoa farms in Côte d’Ivoire in the last five years. The practices occur in the context of large-scale movements of people within the region including the trafficking of children to other  agricultural activities and to other sectors.
Paul Robson
Anti-Slavery International 2010
View report Ending Child Trafficking in West Africa

Begging for Change: Research findings and recommendations on forced child begging in Albania/Greece, India and Senegal
This report is based on research conducted in Albania and Greece, India and Senegal, and looks at the phenomenon of forced child begging both in its local specifics and global commonalities. Forced child begging involves forcing boys and girls to beg through physical or psychological coercion.
Emily Delap
Anti-Slavery International 2009
ISBN 978-0-900918-73-5
Download PDF file Beggingforchange09.pdf (1070.76KB)

Forced Child Begging: A toolkit for researchers
A toolkit outlining qualitative methods for researchers interested in exploring the more exploitative and damaging forms of child begging, where children have been physically forced or coerced into their work. However, manyof the tools and methods can be adapted to find out about the lives of other girls and boys living or working on the streets, and about other hard-to-reach and exploited groups of children.
Emily Delap
Anti-Slavery International 2009
ISBN 978-0-900918-72-8
Download PDF file Beggingforchange_toolkit09.pdf (416.28KB)  

Forced Child Begging: Tools for an introductory training course on qualitative research methods
Tools developed for training research teams who took part in a pilot research project on forced child begging. Aims to provide the reader with the basic skills needed to carry out qualitative research, with a particular emphasis on research with children.
Emily Delap
Anti-Slavery International 2009
ISBN 978-0-900918-74-2
Download PDF file
Beggingforchange_trainingkit09.pdf (267.18KB)  

'They Respect Their Animals More' Voices of child domestic workers
This report is the product of group discussions and individual interviews with more than 400 current and former child domestic workers from urban and rural areas in Benin, Costa Rica, India, Nepal, Peru, Philippines, Tanzania and Togo, to inform about the situation and needs of child domestic workers in order to better target programmes and policies on the issue. It also aims to encourage thinking about child domestic workers not simply as subjects of concern, but as social actors able to articulate their needs and capable of transforming their own lives, and the lives of others.
Jonathan Blagbrough
Anti-Slavery International 2008
ISBN:978 0 900918 65 9

Download PDF file They Respect Their Animals More 08.pdf (1780.47KB)
(also available in French and Spanish )

Missing Out: A Study of Child Trafficking in the North-West, North-East and West Midlands
The report highlights the cases of 80 children known or suspected of being trafficked into the UK for sexual exploitation, labour exploitation and forced marriage. More shocking is that 48 of these children have gone missing from social services care and have never been found.
Christine Beddoe, ECPAT UK, 2007
Download PDF file from
Child Domestic Workers: A handbook on good practice in programme interventions
A practical guide to what works and why when it comes to practical assistance for child domestic workers. Contains experiences of local practitioners from Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean; international organisations and networks working on this issue. And the views of almost 500 current and former child domestics consulted in nine countries. A companion publication detailing the results of these consultations will follow in early 2006. Particularly useful for small and medium-sized NGOs seeking ways to improve their existing programmes or planning to add assisting child domestic workers to their activities.
(also available in French and Spanish, see Translations page)
Maggie Black and Anti-Slavery International 2005
ISBN 0 900918 59 4
Download PDF file  Child_domestic_workers_interventions.pdf (5803.72KB)
Code of Conduct: Sub-regional project on eradicating child domestic work and child trafficking in West and Central Africa
A collaboration between governments, bilateral institutions, international and non-governmental organisations has resulted in the development of this code of conduct, which aims to encourage improved working conditions and treatment of child domestic workers and child victims of trafficking.
Anti-Slavery International 2004
Download PDF file  Code_of_Conduct_final.PDF (298.28KB)
The Cocoa Industry in West Africa: A history of exploitation
This report provides an in-depth analysis of how cocoa is produced and how child and slave labour enter its chain of production. It relates the history of cocoa and explores how this commodity fits within a global market. Drawing on a wide range of sources, it concludes with recommendations for consumers, the chocolate industry and governments on actions needed to address this serious problem.
Anti-Slavery International 2004
Download PDF file   Cocoa report 2004.pdf (1361.96KB)
International Action Against Child Labour: Guide to monitoring and complaints procedures
Produced by Anti-Slavery International for organisations wanting to persuade governments to take action against child labour. It explains clearly how and why to use international monitoring and complaints procedures to encourage governments to respect their obligations regarding child rights. Twenty-eight pages including cover, with illustrations and case studies.
(also available in French and Spanish, see Translations page)
Anti-Slavery International 2002
Download PDF file InternationalactionEnglish.pdf (364.01KB)
The Impact of Discrimination on Working Children and on the Phenomenon of Child Labour
Why do children work? Most children work because their families are poor and their labour is necessary for their survival. Discrimination on grounds including gender, race or religion may also play a large part in why some children work. This six-page report investigates how discrimination works as a cause and a consequence of child labour.
NGO Group for the Convention on the Rights of the Child Sub-Group on Child Labour 2002.
Download PDF file  Discriminationpaper.pdf (42.79KB)
Child Domestic Workers: Finding a voice, a handbook on advocacy
This book draws on the experience of activists from 17 countries and representatives of internaitonal and regional agencies who attended a workshop that Anti-Slavery International convened in April 2001. A practical "how to" guide which will help local level NGOs and activists plan, design, implement and evaluate the impact of an advocacy strategy on child domestic workers.
(also available in French and Spanish, see Translations page)
Maggie Black and Anti-Slavery International 2002
ISBN 0 900918 51 9
Download PDF file  AdvocacyHandbookEng.pdf (733.13KB)
International Workshop for Practitioners on Child Domestic Work -- Summary Report
In April 2001, Anti-Slavery International held an international workshop for practitioners on child domestic work. This is a 10-page summary report of this meeting. The complete handbook is available above.
Anti-Slavery International 2001
Download PDF file  summaryeng.pdf (35.64KB)
Do You Know About the ILO Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention?
A 24-page brochure on how this convention creates new opportunites for civil society organisations. The brochure focuses on involvement in ratification and implementation of the Convention in an easy to read and lively format.
NGO Group for the Convention on the Rights of the Child the Sub-Group on Child Labour 2001
Download PDF file  ILOeng.pdf (258.44KB)

For a hardcopy (only available in Arabic or Spanish) please email your details, including name, organisation, and address to
Child Domestic Workers: A handbook for research and action
This practical "how to" guide draws on the experiences and views of non-governmental organisations and others working with child domestics in Asia, Africa and Latin America, offering useful insights for anyone who wants to help the children concerned.
Anti-Slavery International 1997
ISBN 0 9009 18 41 1
Download PDF file  CDWresearchhandbook.pdf (368.19KB)


Bonded labour is probably the least known but widest used form of slavery today
©Pete Pattisson /


children in school

Former Restaveks, child domestic servants, at a summer camp organised as rehabilitation by Foyer Maurice Sixto
©Pete Pattisson /