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history of anti-slavery international

Timeline: over 175 years of fighting slavery

17 April 1839 The Anti-Slavery Society is formed by Thomas Clarkson, Thomas Fowell Buxton and other abolitionists to campaign against slavery worldwide.

1840 Convened the world's first anti-slavery convention in London.

1850 Developed 26 'slave-free produce' consumer action groups, promoting alternatives to slave plantation sugar.

1890 Helped establish the Brussels Act, the first comprehensive anti-slavery treaty, which allowed the inspection of ships and the arrest of anyone transporting slaves.

1904 - 1913 Campaigned against slavery practices perpetrated in the Congo Free State by King Leopold II of Belgium. The campaign eventually helped bring an end to Leopold's tyranny.

1920 Helped end the indentured labour system in the British colonies after campaigning against the use of Indian and Chinese "coolies".

1921 Played a pivotal role in ending the activities of the Peruvian Amazon Company, which was using indigenous slave labour in rubber production.

1922 Successfully lobbied for the League of Nations inquiry into slavery, which resulted in the.

1926 Slavery Convention that obliged all ratifying states to end slavery.

1956 Influenced the content of the Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery.

1984 Helped establish the Human Rights Fund for Indigenous People.

1995 Supported an Indian NGO initiative for the establishment of the Rugmark Foundation.

1994 An original supporter of the End Child Prostitution, Pornography and Trafficking campaign (ECPAT) and helped set up the UK branch.

1998 One of the organisers of the 1998 Global March against Child Labour, which helped lead to the adoption of a new ILO Convention on the Worst
Forms of Child Labour, 1999 (No. 182).

2000 Worked with Nepalese NGO INSEC to secure Government backing to abolish the Kamaiya form of bonded labour.

2003 With local NGO Timidria conducted a survey that led to the criminalisation of slavery in Niger.

2003 Lobbied the Brazilian government to introduce a National Plan for the Eradication of Slavery.

2004 Successfully lobbied to make trafficking of sexual and labour exploitation a criminal offence in the UK.

2005 Organised a major campaign on child camel jockeys in the Gulf States, which influenced the UAE's decision to rescue and repatriate up to 3,000 child camel jockeys.

2005 Influenced the development of the Council of Europe Convention against trafficking in human beings, which provides minimum standards of protection and support for trafficked people. The convention was ratified by the UK government at the end of 2008.

2007 Helped push for the appointment of a UN Special Rapporteur on Contemporary Forms of Slavery.

2008 Instrumental in getting the Transatlantic Slave Trade taught in UK schools as part of the national curriculum.

2008 Successfully supported former slave Hadijatou Mani to sue Niger for failing to protect her from slavery. Hadijatou's former master was also found guilty of slavery.


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    children in school in Haiti

    Cross section of the slave ship Brookes. In 1789, 700 posters were printed showing 482 enslaved Africans crammed on board ©Anti-Slavery

    bonded labour in IndiaOne of the main features of the campaign to abolish slavery in British colonies was boycotting slave-produced sugar©Anti-Slavery

    Wahaya women
    Anti-Slavery played a pivotal role in ending the activities of the Peruvian Amazon Company, which was using indigenous slave labour in rubber production ©Anti-Slavery

    Descent based slavery

    Anti-Slavery organised a major campaign on child camel jockeys in the Gulf States, which forced them to recognise the problem of trafficking of children from South East Asia

    Hadijatou Mani

    In 2008, Anti-Slavery International supported a former slave, Hadijatou Mani, to win a landmark case against the state of Niger for failing to protect her from slavery