Slave ship, Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
Slave ship during the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade

Over 180 years of fighting slavery

17 April 1839

The Anti-Slavery Society is formed by Thomas Clarkson, Thomas Fowell Buxton and other abolitionists to campaign against slavery worldwide.


Convened the world’s first anti-slavery convention in London.

1841 - first international slavery conference
Anti-Slavery organised the first ever international slavery convention.


Developed ‘slave-free produce’ consumer action groups, promoting alternatives to slave plantation sugar.


Helped establish the Brussels Act, the first comprehensive anti-slavery treaty, which allowed the inspection of ships and the arrest of anyone transporting slaves.

1904 – 1913

Campaigned against slavery practices perpetrated in the Congo Free State by King Leopold II of Belgium. The campaign eventually helped bring an end to Leopold’s tyranny.

Man with the hand and foot of his five year old daughter. Alice Seeley Harris, who documented Belgian Congo abuses for Anti-Slavery Society.
Nsala of Wala with the hand and foot of his five year old little girl. Photograph taken by Alice Seeley Harris, who documented Belgian Congo abuses for Anti-Slavery Society.


Helped end the indentured labour system in the British colonies after campaigning against the use of Indian and Chinese “coolies”.


Played a pivotal role in ending the activities of the Peruvian Amazon Company, which was using indigenous slave labour in rubber production.

Peruvian Amazon Company Slavery
One of Anti-Slavery’s biggest successes of early 20th century was ending slavery of indigenous people in Peru by the Peruvian Amazon Company.


Successfully lobbied for the League of Nations inquiry into slavery, which resulted in the 1926 Slavery Convention that obliged all ratifying states to end slavery.


Influenced the content of the Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery.


Helped establish the Human Rights Fund for Indigenous People.


Supported an Indian NGO initiative for the establishment of the Rugmark Foundation.


An original supporter of the End Child Prostitution, Pornography and Trafficking campaign (ECPAT) and helped set up the UK branch.


One of the organisers of the 1998 Global March against Child Labour, which helped lead to the adoption of a new ILO Convention on the Worst Forms of Child Labour, 1999 (No. 182).

Young boy working in brick kiln in India
Young boy working in a brick kiln in India. Anti-Slavery successfully campaigned for the adoption of the ILO Child Labour Convention


Successfully campaigned for the abolishment of bonded labour practices in Nepal.


With local NGO Timidria conducted a survey that led to the criminalisation of slavery in Niger.


Lobbied the Brazilian government to introduce a National Plan for the Eradication of Slavery.


Successfully lobbied to make trafficking of sexual and labour exploitation a criminal offence in the UK.


Organised a major campaign which resulted in the United Arab Emirates freeing over 3,000 children trafficked to be used as camel jockeys, and UAE, Qatar and Kuwait abolishing the practice.

Child camel jockey in the United Arab Emirates.
Child camel jockey in the United Arab Emirates. Thanks to our campaign children have been replaced by robots to ride the camels at the races.


Influenced the development of the Council of Europe Convention against trafficking in human beings, which is the first international standard to guarantee trafficked people minimum standards of protection and support. The convention was ratified by the UK government at the end of 2008.


Helped push for the appointment of a UN Special Rapporteur on Contemporary Forms of Slavery.


We successfully campaigned to criminalise slavery in Mauritania (2007).


The United Nations’ decision to create a new Special Rapporteur on Contemporary Forms of Slavery. They will report directly to the UN Human Rights Council on measures that Governments need to take to tackle slavery practices in their respective countries. This is the first new UN mechanism on slavery in over 30 years.


We supported a former slave, Hadijatou Mani in international ECOWAS (the Economic Community Of West African States) court that found the state of Niger guilty of failing to protect her from slavery . The ruling set a legal precedent for Niger and all other ECOWAS state to protect people from slavery.

Hadijatou Mani, former slave who took her government to international court
In 2008, Anti-Slavery International helped Hadijatou Mani to win a landmark case against the state of Niger for failing to protect her from slavery.


Following the campaign by Anti-Slavery International and Liberty in June, the UK Parliament introduced a criminal offence of forced labour in the Coroners and Justice Act 2009.


Our Home Alone campaign played a big part in persuading the International Labour Organization to adopt a Convention on Decent Work for Domestic Workers in June 2011, which secures the rights of millions of domestic workers across the globe.


We successfully campaigned to force the UK government to sign up to a new EU anti-trafficking law, providing legal basis for protection and justice for trafficking victims.

Delivery of the petition demanding sign up to the EU Trafficking Directive
We campaigned for the UK Government to sign up to the EU trafficking law that set the basis for protection of slavery victims in the UK.


Moulkheir, victim of slavery in MauritaniaWe have a long history of making a difference and we continue to make it today. Check below what we do today to support people like Moulkheir out of slavery and to end this abuse across the world.

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