Family working in brick kiln in India
Family working in brick kiln in Punjab, India

Legal guide: identification, rescue, rehabilitation and prosecution of bonded labour in the brick kiln industry

This guide is intended to equip activists with legal knowledge to eradicate the bonded labour system in India’s brick kiln industry. The brick kiln industry employs more than 10 million workers and is one of the bonded labour prone industries in India. Workers pawn their health, safety, social security, their children’s health and education in exchange for a bare sustenance. This guide provides tools for the identification, rescue, rehabilitation and prosecution of cases of bonded labour, focusing mainly on the implementation of the Bonded Labour Act and other applicable laws and procedures. It also suggests strategies that may be useful when dealing with the tough challenges faced in the process.

Download PDF: Legal Guide: India’s brick kiln industry

Slavery in India’s Brick Kilns & the Payment System: way forward in the fight for fair wages, decent work and eradication of slavery.

brick kiln payment system report coverSeptember 2017.
Report revealing shocking levels of debt bondage and child slavery in brick kilns across Punjab. The report found that the recruitment and payment systems underpin this cycle of slavery, trapping seasonal migrant workers in bonded labour year after year, leaving women unpaid and not treated as workers, and encouraging child labour. It identified changing the piece-rate payment system into a time-based one, where workers are paid individually and regularly, as a systemic change that would help break the cycle of bonded and child labour.

Download PDF: Slavery in India’s Brick Kilns

Submission on bonded labour, trafficking and domestic work in India

September 2016.
UN’s Universal Periodic Review submission on bonded labour, trafficking and domestic work in India, 2016. The submission by Anti-Slavery International, Jan Jagriti Jendra, The National Domestic Workers’ Movement, and Volunteers for Social Justice.

Submission on Trafficking in Persons Bill

July 2016.
India: Submission on the Trafficking of Persons Bill 2016, with a focus on those trafficked for forced and bonded labour

Forced labour in the brick kiln sector in India

State of Play: Forced Labour in India’s brick kilns

Slavery on the high street. Forced labour in the manufacture of garments for international brands.

slavery on the high street report cover2012. Anti-Slavery International.
New report from Anti-Slavery International exposes how top UK high street brands are selling clothing made by girls in slavery in southern India. Our research has uncovered the routine use of forced labour of girls and young women in the spinning mills and garment factories of five Indian clothing manufacturers that supply major western clothing retail brands.

Download PDF: Slavery on the high street

Joint submission for the Universal Periodic Review of Nepal, 23rd Session

March 2015. Anti-Slavery International, Informal Sector Service Center (INSEC) & Backward Society Education (BASE)

Poverty, Discrimination and Slavery: The reality of bonded labour in India, Nepal and Pakistan

poverty and discrimination report cover2008. Anti-Slavery International, Krishna Prasad Upadhyaya.
This report is a study of the reasons why bonded labour, a contemporary form of slavery, persists in India, Nepal and Pakistan. In particular, it examines the effectiveness of state interventions against bonded labour. This report reflects the main findings of research carried out by CEC, GEFONT and PILER between 2004 and 2006 into some of the obstacles to the eradication of bonded labour, the reasons why bonded labour persists, and into the interventions that have been made since anti-bonded legislation came into force in South Asia. It includes a number of recommendations which if fully implemented would lead to the eradication of bonded labour in South Asia. ISBN: 978-0-900918-70-4

Download PDF: Poverty, discrimination & slavery (373.48KB)

The Enslavement of Dalit and Indigenous Communities in India, Nepal and Pakistan Through Debt Bondage

2001. Anti-Slavery International.
This paper, submitted to the UN Sub-Commission on Human Rights, describes the gross violation of the rights of millions of people in India, Pakistan and Nepal who are trapped in debt bondage and forced to work to repay loans. It explores evidence which shows that 80-98 per cent of bonded labourers are from communities designated as dalits.