Slavery in Mauritania
Mauritanian government is keen to keep slavery hidden from international public

UPR Joint Submission on Mauritania 2015

Joint submission for the Universal Periodic Review of Mauritania, 23rd Session, October – November 2015
March 2015
Anti-Slavery International, Minority Rights Group International & SOS-Esclaves

UPR Joint Submission on Mauritania 2015

 

Enforcing Mauritania’s Anti-Slavery Legislation

Enforcing Mauritania’s Anti-Slavery Legislation: The Continued Failure of the Justice System to Prevent, Protect and Punish
Outlines the systematic failures of Mauritania’s justice system to provide redress to slavery victims.
Anti-Slavery International, Minority Rights Group International (MRG), Society for Threatened Peoples (STP) and the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO)

English: Enforcing Mauritanias Anti-Slavery Legislation
French: Enforcing Mauritanias Anti-Slavery Legislation (355.67KB)
Arabic: Enforcing Mauritanias Anti-Slavery Legislation (422.73KB)

 

WAHAYA

WAHAYA. Domestic and sexual slavery in Niger
This report focuses on the ‘wahaya’ practice in Niger, whereby girls and women of ‘slave caste’ are bought and sold as unofficial wives. They are referred to as ‘fifth wives’, as they are additional to the four wives permitted to Niger, but they are not officially married to their master and therefore have none of the legal rights and protection to which legal wives would have recourse. ‘Wahaya’ are essentially slaves used for domestic labour and sexual gratification.
The report presents testimonies from individual wahaya to expose the shocking realities of the practice and calls for efforts to end these forced unions.
Galy Kadir Abdelkader and Moussa Zangaou
Anti-Slavery International 2012

Wahaya report in PDF: WAHAYA. Domestic and sexual slavery in Niger

 

Mauritania Land Report

Programme de prevention et de resolution des conflicts fonciers intercommunautaires en Mauritanie.

Traditionnellement, les mauritaniens d’ascendance esclave (principalement les Haratines) ont été privés du droit de posséder des terres ; un grand nombre de Haratines continue à travailler les terres des clans de leurs anciens maîtres. Pendant les années 80, les réformes aux lois foncières furent introduites envisageant l’appropriation et la redistribution des terres par l’Etat, en vue de permettre aux Haratines de réclamer les droits sur les terres qu’ils cultivaient. Toutefois, à cause de l’application incomplète et biaisée des réformes, les terres affectées par l’Etat appartenaient surtout aux communautés ordinaires, et celles-ci furent redistribuées aux élites beidanes. Ensuite, après les expulsions de 1989, les terres des négro-mauritaniens forcés à quitter le pays furent souvent accordées aux Haratines.
Aujourd’hui, alors qu’un nombre croissant de personnes d’ascendance esclave cherche à posséder des terres, et alors que les réfugiés négro-mauritaniens retournent pour réclamer leurs propriétés foncières, les droits à la terre sont plus conflictuels que jamais. Ce rapport analyse l’échec des réformes foncières, les divers types de conflits fonciers qui existent, et les mesures qui pourraient prévenir et résoudre de tels conflits.
Anti-Slavery International 2011

Mauritania Land Report

 

Arrested Development

Arrested Development: Discrimination and slavery in the 21st Century
Discrimination is a pivotal part of slavery because it allows people to disengage their humanity and justify or tolerate the violation of other people’s human rights. Discrimination also limits certain groups’ access to education, jobs and healthcare, leaving them to subsist at the margins of society where they are extremely vulnerable to enslavement as they look for ways to provide for themselves and their families. This publication highlights what action needs to be taken by governments and other international agencies to ensure that every human being – without exception – should be able to live a life free from slavery.
Mike Kaye
Anti-Slavery International 2008
ISBN:978 0 900918 66 7

Arrested Development

 

1807-2007: Over 200 years of campaigning against slavery

1807-2007: Over 200 years of campaigning against slavery
This publication gives an overview of the Transatlantic Slave Trade and considers the factors that led isolated voices of protest to develop into a popular movement in less than 20 years, helping to bring about the abolition of the slave trade in 1807. It also traces how after the end of the Transatlantic Slave Trade, new forms of slavery began to manifest themselves and how they were challenged through popular campaigns and the development of international standards to prohibit them. It also considers what action needs to be taken to free the millions of people in slavery today.
Mike Kaye
Anti-Slavery International 2005
ISBN 0 900918 61 6

1807-2007: Over 200 years of campaigning against slavery

 

The Cocoa Industry in West Africa

The Cocoa Industry in West Africa: A history of exploitation
This report provides an in-depth analysis of how cocoa is produced and how child and slave labour enter its chain of production. It relates the history of cocoa and explores how this commodity fits within a global market. Drawing on a wide range of sources, it concludes with recommendations for consumers, the chocolate industry and governments on actions needed to address this serious problem.
Anti-Slavery International 2004

Cocoa Report 2004

 

Slavery in Niger

Slavery in Niger: Historical, legal and contemporary perspectives
Study on slavery in Niger.
Anti-Slavery International and Association Timidria 2004
Also available as a PDF download in French

Slavery in Niger

 

Abolishing Slavery and its Contemporary Forms: Weissbrodt Report

Abolishing Slavery and its Contemporary Forms
Paper prepared by David Weissbrodt and Anti-Slavery International.
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights 2002
Ref: HR/PUB/02/4

Weissbrodt Report

 

Poverty, Development and the Elimination of Slavery

Poverty, Development and the Elimination of Slavery
Discussion paper
Mike Kaye and Aidan McQuade
Anti Slavery International, October 2007

Poverty, Development and the Elimination of Slavery