migration
Caption: People leave their homes in southern Madagascar. Credit: Jessica Turner for Anti-Slavery International.
The cover of a report on climate-induced migration

Climate-induced migration and modern slavery

September 2021

Anti-Slavery International partnered with the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) to publish a report exposing the relationship between climate change, forced migration and modern slavery. The report finds that climate change heightens existing vulnerabilities of slavery and that there are three emerging pathways linking climate change, migration and modern slavery: sudden events in the aftermath of disasters, slow onset events/disasters, and slow onset events combined with conflict and forced displacement.

From a vicious to a virtuous circle: Addressing climate change, environmental destruction and contemporary slavery

June 2021

Climate change is a global crisis with serious implications for all of humanity. For people who are vulnerable to exploitation, it can be especially serious: climate change can drive a vicious circle that traps people into working in industries that contribute to environmental harms, which can in turn intensify the conditions that leave people vulnerable. In our research report, author Dr Chris O’Connell, CAROLINE Fellow at Dublin City University, examines the causes and effects of climate-linked modern slavery, and identifies practical recommendations for policy makers to tackle the problem.

Leaving no-one behind: Insights and recommendations for donors, business and policymakers

April 2020

Anti-Slavery International.

Covid-19 has the potential to negatively affect everyone, but it does not affect everyone equally. This report includes insights and recommendations for policymakers, donors and business leaders to ensure that responses to Covid-19 reach victims of modern slavery and people vulnerable to slavery, along with short and long term measures to build resilience and prevent an increase to modern slavery.

February 2019: submission to the UN Human Rights Committee on Niger

February 2019

A joint submission by Anti-Slavery International and Timidria to the UN Human Rights Committee (hereafter the Committee) ahead of its examination of Niger’s second periodic report to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. It provides information on descent-based slavery, the wahaya (so-called 5th wife) practice, worst forms of child labour in Niger including forced child begging of talibés (children who study at residential Quranic schools, daaras) and child domestic work, and stigma and discrimination against people of slave descent.

Joint submission to the UN Committee on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women – on the UK

January 2019

This joint submission to the Committee on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women by five civil society organisations: Anti-Slavery International, the Anti Trafficking and Labour Exploitation Unit (ATLEU), the Anti-Trafficking Monitoring Group (ATMG), the Human Trafficking Foundation (HTF), and Kalayaan, outlines gaps in UK’s response to modern slavery: including the identification, protection and support provided to victims; barriers in access to legal advice, justice and remedy; and flaws in the legal and policy framework relating to migrant domestic workers, which renders them particularly vulnerable to abuse, exploitation, and trafficking.

Darfur report cover

Darfur Abductions: sexual slavery and forced labour

July 2009

Darfur Consortium: An African and International Civil Society for Darfur.

Research by the Darfur Consortium has found that Government supported militia, like the Janjaweed and the Popular Defence Forces, together with the Sudanese Armed Forces, have systematically abducted civilians for the purposes of sexual slavery and forced labour as part of the Darfur conflict. The report investigates the pattern of abductions, the issues behind them, including ethnicity and lack of protection, and concludes with some recommendations to address the abductions.

arrested development report cover

Arrested Development: Discrimination and slavery in the 21st Century

August 2008

Anti-Slavery International, Mike Kaye.

Discrimination is a pivotal part of slavery because it allows people to disengage their humanity and justify or tolerate the violation of other people’s human rights. Discrimination also limits certain groups’ access to education, jobs and healthcare, leaving them to subsist at the margins of society where they are extremely vulnerable to enslavement as they look for ways to provide for themselves and their families. This publication highlights what action needs to be taken by governments and other international agencies to ensure that every human being – without exception – should be able to live a life free from slavery. ISBN:978 0 900918 66 7

poverty, development and the elimination of slavery report cover

Poverty, Development and the Elimination of Slavery

October 2007

Anti-Slavery International, Mike Kaye, Aidan McQuade

Discussion paper.

ritual slavery report cover

Women in Ritual Slavery: Devadasi, Jogini and Mathamma in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, Southern India

July 2007

Anti-Slavery International, Maggie Black

This report looks at the ritual slavery practices of Devadasi, Jogini and Mathamma in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh in southern India. These practices involve the dedication of young girls to a deity and their subsequent sexual exploitation by one or many men from the community. The report analyses the problem and considers responses to the problem to date and what more needs to be done.

Argentina report cover

Contemporary Forms of Slavery in Argentina

August 2006

Anti-Slavery International, Mike Kaye.

This report provides information and analysis in relation to slavery practices in Argentina, with a particular focus on trafficking of people for both labour and sexual exploitation and the commercial sexual exploitation of children. Also available as a PDF download in Spanish.

Bolivia report cover

Contemporary Forms of Slavery in Bolivia

August 2006

Contemporary Forms of Slavery in Bolivia

This report provides information and analysis in relation to slavery practices in Bolivia, with a particular focus on forced labour and worst forms of child labour in the sugar, nut and mining industries and on private ranches.

Bhavna Sharma
Anti-Slavery International 2006

Brazil report cover

Contemporary Forms of Slavery in Brazil

August 2006

Anti-Slavery International, Bhavna Sharma.

This report provides information and analysis in relation to slavery practices in Brazil, with a particular focus on forced labour in the Amazon, trafficking of people for both labour and sexual exploitation, and child domestic work.

Paraguay report cover

Contemporary Forms of Slavery in Paraguay

August 2006

Anti-Slavery International, Mike Kaye.

This report gives an overview and analysis of different slavery practices in Paraguay, including forced labour of indigenous people, trafficking in people, the commercial sexual exploitation of children, child domestic work and child soldiers. Also available as a PDF download in Spanish.

Peru report cover

Contemporary Forms of Slavery in Peru

August 2006

Anti-Slavery International, Bhavna Sharma.

This report provides information and analysis in relation to slavery practices in Peru, with a particular focus on forced labour in the Amazon, domestic work, trafficking of women and children for sexual exploitation, and children working in mines.

Uruguay report cover

Contemporary Forms of Slavery in Uruguay

August 2006

Anti-Slavery International, Mike Kaye.

This report provides information and analysis in relation to slavery practices in Uruguay, with a particular focus on the commercial sexual exploitation of children, the worst forms of child labour, and trafficking of people.

1807 report cover

1807-2007: Over 200 years of campaigning against slavery

August 2005

Anti-Slavery International, Mike Kaye.

This publication gives an overview of the Transatlantic Slave Trade and considers the factors that led isolated voices of protest to develop into a popular movement in less than 20 years, helping to bring about the abolition of the slave trade in 1807. It also traces how after the end of the Transatlantic Slave Trade, new forms of slavery began to manifest themselves and how they were challenged through popular campaigns and the development of international standards to prohibit them. It also considers what action needs to be taken to free the millions of people in slavery today. ISBN 0 900918 61 6

Abolishing Slavery and its Contemporary Forms: Weissbrodt Report

November 2002

Paper prepared by David Weissbrodt and Anti-Slavery International.

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights 2002

Ref: HR/PUB/02/4

Sudan report cover

Is there Slavery in Sudan?

November 2001

Anti-Slavery International.

This report summarises information obtained during a fact-finding visit to investigate abductions and slavery in Sudan. It includes illustrated case studies and the Sudan Government’s response.